Limenaria Flora and Fauna

Flora and Fauna

In terms of petrography conditions, Thassos belongs to the crystalline schist massif of Rhodope. The mountainous areas are dominated by metamorphic, crystalline and micaceous limestones. At lower heights and mainly towards the sea, dominate deposits of marls, sand and conglomerate rocks. The soils are residuals, a product of weathering of primary bedrocks. Their depth varies, though shallow soils prevail and as far as the composition is concerned the sandy clay soil.
Within these climate-soil environments are hosted diverse plant species and vegetation rich in quantity. “Hδε δ' ώστε όνου ράχις έστηκεν ύλης αγρίης επιστεφής” sang about Thassos the poet Archilohus in the 7th century BC. The name of Thassos is mentioned that is etymologically related to the word “forest” (dasos in Greek). The forests from ancient times were one of the main resources of the island. The melliferous fluid from the pine trees and the flowers of arbutus, vitex agnus-castus, myrtle, oregano and other species were rich food for the hives of the region and the mainland.
Moreover, in Thassos you will find Kentrodasos of a few hundred acres, which lies at the region from Theologos to Kastro and Ipsario. At Ipsario apart from the firs there is a variety of a rare tree called Itamos (taxus baccata), known as a fir but also as Karkaria. This tree is toxic and poisonous. The age of the trees in this specific area is greater than 2000 years(perennials).